This article is interesting because it discusses how many people are just focusing on recycling and remanufacturing, when designers should be thinking about preventing this much waste from the start. It is not that recycling or recovering materials is something that we should ignore, but so much effort is going towards that, that when we should be thinking about what is going to happen to our product idea in the after life, even before we start designing. The materials we use are not the only thing we have to worry about being harmful to our environment, the manufacturing process can often be just as bad. The process that a designer chooses can be wasteful or harmful to the environment, it is something that should be thought about very early on in the process. Even though this article mainly focuses on construction, it is helpful to see that in other areas of design, a preventative step is being taken.